2021年5月7日，CGTN英语主持人刘欣针对“中国的太空计划”在油管上做了一期在线直播专题，与3位嘉宾探讨了一个很多网民关心的话题：中国近年来对太空的探索对人类来讲是福祉还是危胁？参与本次公开话题讨论的嘉宾分别是：中国航天科工技术专家杨宇光，美国国家航空航天局火星探测任务委员会主席Ami Tabagosh，Grasshopper strategies的创始人Brandon Blackburn Doir，本期讨论话题的背景及文本如下：
China recently launched the core module of its space station that is due to be completed by the end of next year. It’s a huge milestone for China’s space program, and given that China says the space station will be open to all interested countries and international partners, it is a significant step in the exploration and peaceful use of space. But when you read many media reports on the topic, China’s space program is portrayed as a political threat or as part of a new Cold War “space race.” What’s fueling the fear-driven coverage? Can China’s space program be equated with a space race? And how can international cooperation be promoted? Don’t miss this week’s Headline Buster.
1–Okay, Brandon, you, you quick minded
2–and you are, you know, very creative,
3–if you are going to be, um,
4–Coming up with a term, what alternative would you use instead of a space race,
5–because space race does have a Cold War connotation to it.
6–You know, although you might like It.
7–It does control some kind of negative sentiment in people’s mind.
8–Is there any other choice you can come up with for the moment.
9–For the moment, the best, the best one I’ve read, which I don’t think is great,
10–is constructed competition, and again, it’s nice alliteration.
11–You know, but it still has a word competition in it,
12–I think that there’s, there’s gotta be a better phrase for it,
13–but the reality is that that.
14–People can find a cause.
15–By joining in to the idea that we are improving each other.
16–Now what I, what I do think is important, though, is.
17–As we look at.
18–China’s role in all of this.
19–You know, we’re seeing fault lines form, I think, in part,
20–and I’m speaking from a political perspective that
21–that the United States has made this problem itself,
22–we haven’t really spent much time with the Wolf Amendment.
23–That effectively means that the United States.
24–Really cannot directly cooperate with China on space exploration.
25–This amendment has led to a situation where Russia is basically saying,
26–Like, look, we want to cooperate with the United States
27–and we want to cooperate with China.
28–So we’re going to sign separate agreements,
29–and never the two show me,
30–because our US partners can’t work with China because they just can’t do it.
31–And I think we’re going to see,
32–hopefully, not political fault lines form around that,
33–but we’re going to see some bifurcation in exploration,
34–a little bit around that rather than the round that it has .
35–Okay. MR. Gosh.
36–So I have a quick question for you,
37–I think the term SpaceX is completely irrelevant though.
38–Now that right now, the races with the private sector.
39–If SpaceX can deliver a slide to Mars, at 1000 of the cost will even…
40–I think all nations will go to that.
41–They will…any nation will go to that… so that big…the Wolf Amendment.
42–Is, you know, it monitors collaboration between NASA and China.
43–So the story of the show here is SpaceX.
44–SpaceX and the private sector is going to completely redefine.
45–If you were watching the news, the SpaceX starship, it landed safely yesterday.
46–This is what’s going to carry human astronauts to the moon.
47–It’s going to completely change the cost structure.
48–So the race would be between the private sector and the government sector.
49–So I think we’re looking at a very different era going forward,
50–I mean, all this we’re thinking about is going to be not relevant.
51–but, you see, you don’t see many of those stories, At least Our researchers,
52–haven’t seen many of those stories talking about the race between
53–the public sector and the private sector in the space arena.
54–It’s not a sexy story, for, you know, the political mind,
55–politically minded. Media sector, probably, I don’t know,
56–You know, they’re all talking about the space race, especially in China.
57–And Russia teamed up, finally, finally, one question from Gosh,
58–as you really are working on this Mars mission.
59–You said, of course China and the United States are in different phase of their space program,
60–but is there any.
61–potential area where the United States could also use some data
62–that or some facilities that China may have put in place already.
63–Absolutely, and that depends on the individual researcher level.
64–So what we don’t know is.
65–A lot of the data from NASA missions,
66–and I don’t know about Chinese missions, are freely available to the Internet.
67–to anybody in the world, um,
68–And so you can go to the website and just download the data and look at what experiments,
69–in that, whatever data. So yes, but you know.
70–There can be collaboration, but as…uh, as Brandon mentioned,
71–there is the whole fact, so you have to make sure that you are in compliance,
72–you’re not doing against anything, against the world,
73–which is understandable. So.
74–The answer is, it’s very, very tough to say.
76–We are going to keep it their fascinating discussion. I thank you.
77–To my guests for your wonderful insights and your time set aside for the discussion.
78–I have been talking to Mr.
79–Yang Yu Guang from China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation.
80–MR. Ami Tabagosh,
81–chair of Science operations group of NASA Mars Exploration Emission,
82–and Brandon Blackburn Doir
83–President of Grasshopper strategies
84–and many thanks to our viewers for having followed us
85–on this edition of Helen Buster brought you by the point, with me Liu Xin.
86–As always, you can follow me on Facebook and Twitter
87–using the handle machine in Beijing, thanks for watching,
88–keep the comments coming as you on the next edition of H&B.