6123法则在美剧里的应用举例

英语知识体系里有,有一个叫“6123”法则,或者说叫“6123结构”的知识点。首先我们先来了解一下它的定义:

6123结构”是指用不定式、动名词短语和that引导的从句作宾语,带名词或 形容词作宾补时,使用it作形式宾语的复合宾语结构。

6、指主句中常用的动词:think, believe, make, find, consider, feel;
1、指的是形式宾语it;
2、指的是宾补的两种形式:形容词或名词;
3、指的是真正宾语的三种形式:不定式短语,动名词短语或that引导的宾语从句和if引导的条件状语从句。

主语+(think/find / make /feel/believe/consider+it+adj./n)+(to do/doing/ that 从句):

主语+感官动词+it(形式宾语)+(名词/形容词)+(to do/动名词短语/ that 从句)

6123这种结构解决什么问题:

1、避免虎头蛇尾,

It is an honor to work for somebody that wise.

2、彰显主观意识而非客观规律

I consider working for somebody that wise is an honor.

3、描述更为高级复杂的见解和感情色彩

我们都知道描述某个人、某件事相关句型:

E.G.1:I think Yuan LongPing is a great person.

E.G.2: What Yuan LongPing has done makes me feel proud.

我们分别就其三种宾语搭配,检索了超过2000集的美剧语料库,得到例句如下:

描述某人做某件事在心目中的概念:(抽象名词)

 

(1) to do sth:

I consider it an honor to work for somebody that wise.(DH.S05E05)

中国人的思维:我觉得为特别聪明的人做事是一种荣幸。

I find it a handy tool to keep abreast in this fast-paced world. (WC.S03E10)

中国人的思维:我发现要保持与时俱进,这玩意(电话)真不能离手。

I consider it a personal favor to deal directly with me rather than on wechat.
我会将你直接与我本人接触而不是通过微信看作是一个人情。

I thought it best for all concerned to keep this quiet.  (DH.S03E13)
我当时觉得:这事保持低调对大家都好。

(2)动名词短语 (口语中特别少见,一般用于写作中,以描述人物当下的心态)

She considers it one of her finest moment talking with Yuan Longping.  她将跟袁隆平华交谈视作她一生中最为高光的时刻之一。

He finds it hard keeping a secret from Senior.  他发现在过来人面前保守秘密很难。

(3) “that”引导的宾语从句 (有一个不是,请找出)

Well then, just consider something that husbands say to their wifes.(DH.S01E20)

I felt it from the moment that I laid eyes on her. (DH.S04E16)

We believe it was the night that Marsha.Huber was murdered. (DH.S01E15)

(4)“if”以“when”引导的状语从句

I would consider it a personal favor If you’d apologize to Edie. (DH.S05E03)
如果你能跟Eide道歉的话,我会认为你是给了我一个面子。

I would consider it a personal favor if you wouldn’t take it. (DH.S01E15)

I find it more effective when we use words rather than inflammatory noises. (DH.S08E05)

描述某个人做某件事的感受:(形容词)

I find it interesting that you stay home the day after you blow off the sancorp people.(HOCS01E12)

I find it extremely offensive that you’d accuse me of hiding behind my pregnancy.(HOCS01E12)

They make it hurt so bad that you’ll wish that they found you. (WAS06E03)

I find it a little curious that you’re here telling me to veto a bill you voted in favor of.(PBS01E20)

I find it decidedly convenient that they don’t have the witness statement written down on a notebook or a scrap of paper from the same decade that it happened. (Suits S06E09)

其它更难一点的扩展:

The thing about family is they make it easy to put you in the position where you don’t have a choice.

6123法则到底有什么作用:

在口语交流中,我们可以运用这个规则来描述对某个人、某件事的感受;描述对某个人去做、正在做、做过的事的感受。

 

口语当中的实际运用举例:

 

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